On the surface, the geothermal plant recovers water or steam and transforms it into electrical energy. Or, in the case of heating , it leads you to cities or towns that have the appropriate infrastructure. Depending on the depth or area of the subsoil in which the geothermal deposits are located, the geothermal energy obtained can reach different temperatures. High temperature areas exceed 150ºC. They are perfect for producing electricity using steam . The medium temperature zones move between 100 and 150ºC. Its performance is lower. The low temperature areas reach between 30 and 100ºC and are usually used for heating, industry and spas.
Finally, the very low temperature areas, below 30ºC, are used for air conditioning systems with heat pumps . Iceland takes advantage of the geothermal energy of its territory to Phone Number List electricity and heat homes Svartsengi geothermal installations, in 2005. Source: Wikipedia Iceland, the pioneer in using the heat of the subsoil To check the viability of geothermal energy, you only have to take a look at Iceland. A country that has become known in recent years for very characteristic natural spaces in which the spectacular geysers abound . Precisely, thanks to the geological characteristics of Iceland, this volcanic island has an infinite source to heat water and to generate electricity.
For a population of 350,000 inhabitants. According to data from the Icelandic Government, 85% of its energy sources come from renewable sources. And, of the total of these renewable sources, in 2016, 65% came from geothermal energy . The other 20% came from hydropower and the remaining 15% from oil , especially for the transportation sector. Another interesting fact: 85% of Icelandic homes have geothermal heating . What's more: the first geothermal power plant in the world capable of generating electricity is in Iceland. It is located north of Grindavík , near the country's capital, Reykjavík . Its name is Svartsengi , which in Icelandic means black meadow. It was completed in 1976 and produces hot water and electricity.
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