As we have already said here on the IDP blog, there are countless careers that a Law graduate can follow . Prosecutor and public prosecutor are among the most sought after positions when deciding on a professional path. Do you know the differences between these positions?
To understand the function of each Phone Number List of these positions, first of all, it is necessary to clarify the responsibilities and divisions of the Public Ministry in Brazil.
Read the full article and find out everything about the career, professional profile and what is needed to work as a prosecutor and attorney !
What are the responsibilities of the Public Prosecutor's Office?
Firstly, it is important to highlight the role of the Public Ministry. The MP is responsible for defending the legal order, the democratic regime, as well as unavailable social and individual interests . The Public Ministry is responsible for monitoring public authorities in different spheres.
The Public Prosecutor's Office promotes criminal and civil actions, in addition to representing the interests of the disabled, working to preserve rights in areas such as: education, health, environment, rights of the elderly, children, adolescents, people with disabilities and social interests and individual unavailable.
To exercise the power of a supervisory body, the Public Ministry is not part of any of the other three powers (Legislative, Judiciary and Executive). Therefore, the MP's principle is independence and functional and administrative autonomy.
The Public Ministry is a permanent institution and essential to the jurisdictional function of the State, according to article 127 of the 1988 Federal Constitution.
How is the Public Ministry divided?
The Public Ministry can be Federal (MPF) or State (MPE). In the first, there are the Public Prosecutors who work alongside the Federal Judges (Federal Justice) and belong to the Federal Public Ministry (MPU).
On the other hand, in the second, there are Public Prosecutors who perform their duties before the Judges of Law (State Justice) and belong to the State Public Prosecutor's Office.
Public prosecutors in the states act before the state courts. However, for the Public Ministry to be able to inspect the entire state, there are districts, which can cover one or more cities.
The Federal Public Ministry (MPU), in turn, has three other branches in addition to the Federal Public Ministry (MPF): the Public Ministry of Labor (MPT), the Military Public Ministry (MPM) and the Public Ministry of the Federal District and Territories (MPDFT).
What careers can be followed in the Public Ministry?
The positions offered in the Public Ministry are highly desired by those with a degree in Law . Whether due to attractive salaries or career plans, many dream of a position in the MP.
Through a public examination, lawyers can enter various careers, such as Federal Prosecutor; State Prosecutor; Public Prosecutor and Labor Prosecutor.
What does a Promoter do?
The Public Prosecutor is a member of the Public Ministry and carries out his role at the state level defending the application of the law. The prosecutor can perform his functions in different areas of collective interest, such as, for example, criminal and civil areas.
Therefore, it is important to stay up to date on different areas of Law, especially those linked to your role. Taking a postgraduate degree can be a differentiator in a prosecutor's work routine, for example, a postgraduate degree in Criminal and Criminal Procedural Law or Civil Procedural Law .
Firstly, the prosecutor's job is to initiate investigations and civil actions, to elucidate crimes and guarantee the rights of the parties involved. The prosecutor acts in the first instance, where he can initiate the action or continue another, which will be judged by the first degree judge.
To be a prosecutor, you must pass a public examination. The remuneration for the position is usually high, as is the responsibility imposed by the role, which requires a lot of dedication and study.
Firstly, the position that those recently approved in the public examination for MP assume is that of substitute prosecutor. Soon after, after a period of two years, the prosecutor ends his “probationary period” and can be, in short, dismissed or promoted to the position of full prosecutor, becoming permanent.
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